A malfunctioning water heater can be caused by several different problems. However, when examining it is important to keep in mind whether your water heater is powered by electricity or gas. The following steps are potential ways to troubleshoot and determine the problem plaguing your water heater this winter.
Step 1: Check the thermostat
The thermostat can have an effect on the water temperature in your home if it is not set correctly. Simply check the settings on the thermostat, and if there is nothing unusual with the settings and the water temperature in your home is still not satisfactory then this may be part of the problem.
Step 2: Check the different components of the heater
As water flows the heater, it is possible for sediment and other materials to be carried through and clog the different parts. This will eventually limit the flow of hot water out of the heater and to your faucets. Make sure there are no blockages and clogs in the heater.
Step 3: Check the wiring
This is as simple as making sure everything is plugged in properly and that cords are not tangled or damaged. Check that the wires are plugged into the wall properly, and that they are connected to the device in the correct way as well.
Step 4: Look for leaks
A leak can lead to issues with the wiring or even cause short circuits and fires. A leak in the tank will also prevent the water from reaching the correct temperature before it leaves the water heater. Unfortunately, if this is the problem with your home’s water heater, the only way to remove is to replace the unit.
Step 5: Let the unit reheat the water
This is likely to be the problem this holiday season due to having more people than usual in the house. More people will use more hot water either by washing their hands, showering, cooking, etc. If you think that overuse is the issue, then instruct people to not use the hot water setting so that the tank can refill with warm water.
Step 6: Make sure the tank is the right size
The problem may be that the tank on your water-heater is just too small. This means that the unit is heating less water, so it makes sense that it would run out faster.
Step 7: Call a professional
Once the problem is identified, wait for a professional to solve it so that you do not damage the unit. A professional will be able to fix any blockages, replace any parts, or help you find a replacement.